What does this list contain?

This list provides recommendations for Instrumentation, Equipment and Low Vision Optical Devices and Assistive Devices for people with low vision. 

These are classified as desirable (D) or essential (E) across all three levels of service: primary (PRIM), secondary (SEC) and Tertiary (TER).

Equipment and instrumentation used for assessment of visual acuity and vision function.

Optical and assistive low vision devices used for assessment of vision/functionality.

 

 
DescriptionItemCodeClassification
EQUIPMENT FOR ASSESSMENT OF VISUAL ACUITY AND VISION FUNCTION PRIMARY SERVICE LEVEL    
       
VISUAL ACUITY ASSESSMENT EQUIPMENT      
Vision Screener test with Tumbling Es (To screen visual acuity) Essential
Multiple Pinholes / Occluder (To determine best possible visual acuity) 70010 Essential
       
EYE HEALTH ASSESSMENT EQUIPMENT      
Pen Torch (To assess pupil reflexes and the health of ocular adnexa) 679900-1 Essential
Amsler Chart (To assess central visual fields and metamorphopsia) 730026 Desirable
       
VISUAL FIELDS ASSESSMENT EQUIPMENT      
Confrontation test targets appropriate for use across the full range of acuities (To assess peripheral fields in profound sight loss) 918000 Essential
       
EQUIPMENT FOR ASSESSMENT OF VISUAL ACUITY AND VISION FUNCTION SECONDARY SERVICE LEVEL      
       
VISUAL ACUITY ASSESSMENT EQUIPMENT - distance      
Measuring Tape ( > 3m) - (To measure working distances for distance, intermediate and near visual tasks) Essential

LogMAR design Visual Acuity (VA) Chart, -culturally appropriate optotypes

(Letters', E's, C's. numbers, symbols)

DC

DIE, FoldIE, 500044

DN

DL

Essential

LogMAR designed VA Chart, Optotypes suitable for children

(E's, C's, Picture ,symbols ,Numbers)

Symbols=250150

Numbers=271100

Essential
Duplicate LogMAR VA Charts (To determine Visual Acuity with charts with different optotypes sequences) Letters=511113 Desirable
Flip VA Charts with logarithmic progression of size , with sets of crowded optotypes (Letters, numbers, pictures, symbols) - (To determine crowded distance Visual Acuity)

Symbols=250700

Desirable
LogMAR designed Flip VA Chart, Single isolated symbols (Letters, numbers, pictures, symbols) - (To determine distance Visual Acuity)

Cs=FLIPC

IE=FLIPIE

Letters=FLIPL

Numbers=FLIPN

Numbers=274000

Symbols=250600

Desirable
   

VISUAL ACUITY ASSESSMENT EQUIPMENT - near      

Adjustable position Reading Lamp

(To enable variation of illumination for the assessment of near vision functions)

LogMAR designed Near VA Optotype Charts, (Letters, Numbers, E's, C's & Symbols) -

(To assess near acuity using charts equivalent to the Distance Acuity Charts, calibrated appropriate working distances( i.e. 40cm)

NC

NIE

NN

NL

251000

251505

252500

728000

729000

Desirable

LogMAR designed Near VA Word & Text Charts (Letter Sequences) -

(To assess word and text acuity and reading performance in a culturally and language sensitive manner at appropriate working distances( i.e. 40cm)

684600

747000

926400

Desirable
       
CONTRAST TESTS      
Low Contrast Visual Acuity Tests (To assess Visual Acuity at reduced contrast)

251100

251200

300900

300901

684700

Desirable
Contrast Threshold Tests with large targets (To assess peak contrast sensitivity)

253500

5014-Peil-Robson

Essential
       
REFRACTIVE EQUIPMENT - objective      
Retinoscope (To determine Refractive Error objectively) YZ24 Essential
Retinoscopy lens rack (For determination of refractive error)

506600

RS03

Desirable
Prism Set (To asess binocular status)

583200

444500

Desirable
Lensmeter (To measure spectacle lens power)

GJD7Prism

LM900

Essential
       
REFRACTIVE EQUIPMENT - subjective      
PD Ruler (To facilitate correct fitting of trial frame) PR1 Essential
Trial Lens Set (For the assessment of refractive error by both objective and subjective methods) Essential
Full Aperture Trial Lens Set (An alternative for the assessment of objective refraction) TLS267P Desirable
Universal Trial Frame (To hold trial lenses in spectacle plane)

UTF1001

UTF1002

Essential
Paediatric Trial Frame (To hold trial lenses in spectacle plane)

UTF48

RTF50

RTF52

RTF54

Desirable
Trial Lens Clips (To hold trial lenses in front of the patient's spectacles) TLC2 Essential
Jackson Cross Cylinder (For measurement of astigmatism)

CC93025

CC93050

CC93100

Essential
       
EYE HEALTH ASSESSMENT      
Direct Ophthalmoscope (To assess central retinal integrity in the context of the degree and characteristics of visual functions)

YZ6H

YZ11D

Essential
Indirect Ophthalmoscope (To assess peripheral retinal integrity binocularly in the context of the degree and characteristics of visual functions) YZ25B Desirable
Slit Lamp Biomicroscope and Volk Lens (To assess central retinal integrity, and anterior segment integrity, in the context of the degree and characteristics of visual functions) Essential
Tonometer (To determine intraocular pressure) 580600 Essential
       
VISUAL FIELDS ASSESSMENT EQUIPMENT      
Tangent Screen with range of Targets (To assess and quantify peripheral visual field size)

93100

BC4001

TS2

Desirable
       
COLOUR VISION ASSESSMENT EQUIPMENT      
Standard Illuminance C lighting (Northern Daylight Equivalent) - (To ensure optimal lighting conditions for colour vision testing) 612600 Desirable
Large Target D15 Test (To assess colour vision status in vision impaired patients) 260100 Desirable
       
EQUIPMENT FOR ASSESSMENT OF VISUAL ACUITY AND VISION FUNCTION TERTIARY SERVICE LEVEL      
       
VISUAL ACUITY ASSESSMENT EQUIPMENT      
Rudimentary Vision Test (To accurately quantify very poor levels of Acuity) BRVT18 Essential
Preferential Looking Test / Grating Acuity Test (To assess Acuity in infants who cannot respond to optotype testing) 253300 Desirable
Vanishing Optotype Charts (i.e Cardiff Charts) - (To assess Acuity in children who cannot respond to standard optotype testing) 474000 Desirable
VA Charts with a variable luminance control

ESV1200

705000

252400

271200

600705

Desirable
Light Meter (A luxmeter to measure illumination at working plane, or a luminance meter) Desirable
       
REFRACTIVE EQUIPMENT - subjective      
Binocular Trial Lens Holder (for testing or modifying refractive error corrections) 532300 Desirable
       
     
       
LOW VISION OPTICAL DEVICES      
       
MAGNIFIERS - hand      
Low Powered (4, 5, 6, 8, 10DS ) - (Available with large field of view, affordable, easy to use, some have illumination)

Essential

PRIM (6,10DS)

SEC (wide range)

TER (extensive range)

Medium Powered (12, 16, 20DS) _ (Available in lens designs to optimize optical quality and field size, Some have illumination)

Essential -PRIM (16DS)

SEC & TER (Full Range)

High Powered (24, 32, 40D, 48DS) _ (Restricted field of view. Mainly for spot reading)

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER

       
MAGNIFIERS - stand      
Dome/solid Hemisphere Magnifiers (All hemispheres give 1.5x enlargement. Different sizes available)

Essential

Bar/Ruler Magnifiers - (With option of line guide/ruler scale)

Essential - TER

Non Illuminated Stand Magnifiers (6 to 25DS) - (With enlargement ratios over the range 2x, 2.5x, 3.2x, 4.0x, 5.0x, 6x, 8x, 10x, 12x, 16x, 20x) Essential - PRIM / SEC (3x, 5x) TER (extensive Range)
Illuminated Stand Magnifiers - (In a range to compliment the non illuminated magnifiers with enlargement ratios over the range 2x, 2.5x, 3.2x, 4.0x, 5.0x, 6x, 8x, 10x, 12x, 16x, 20x)

Essential

SEC (4x, 8x or more)

TER (extensive Range)

     Essential
MAGNIFIERS - spectacle      
Half Eye or full aperture Readers (Plus powers: 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 16D)

Essential

PRIM (Sample Pair +4D or +6D)

SEC (Restricted Range)

TER (Full Range)

Full Aperture high power (Plus powers: 20, 24, 32, 48D)

Essential

SEC (24, 48DS)

TER (Full Range)

Binocular Prismatic Half Eye Readers (Plus powers: 4, 6, 8D) - (May provide binocularity) Essential - TER
Binocular Prismatic Half Eyes (10D) (May allow binocularity, especially in hyperopia)

Desirable - TER

       
TELESCOPES - hand held      
Monoculars (2x, 2.5x, 3.2x, 4.0x, 5.0x, 6.3x, 8.0x, 10x, 12x) - Variable Focus.( Some should allow close focusing distances)

Essential

PRIM(4x)

SEC(2.5x,4x,6x)

TER (Full Range)

Binoculars (2.5x,4x, 6x, 8x) - (To encourage binocularity)

Essential

SEC (One demonstration pair)

TER (Full Range)

       
TELESCOPES - spectacle mounted      
Monocular or Binocular Spec Mounted Telescopes, or telescope fitting kits- (Custom made or incorporating Rx) Essential - TER
Near Vision Supplementary Caps Essential - TER
Bioptic Telescope fitting kits Desirable - TER
       
FILTERS      
Variety of locally available sunglasses in different shades Essential
Anti-Glare Filters_ (With Transmission values of approx 5%, 15%, 30% & 60% in neutral tints and in brown/amber/yellow tints to reduce blue. Blue light cut off levels of 465nm, 505nm, 533nm, & 550nm)of 465nm, 505nm, 533nm, & 550nm)

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER

Supplementary Range of filters of other colors Include red and magenta filters for Achromotopsia and Cone Dystrophy

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER

       
LOW VISION ASSISTIVE DEVICES      
       
DAILY LIVING - personal      
Watch and clock with jumbo displays and high contrast (Increase the convenience of time telling)

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER

Talking watch and clock (Increase the convenience of time telling)

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER

Identifier starter kit with tapes and labels for low vision, bump dots and tactile markers (Increase effectiveness in categorizing and finding daily use items)

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER

Large key holder (Improve convenience in daily living and self care)

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER

Nail cutter with magnifier (Improve convenience in daily living and self care)

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER

Needle threader (Improve convenience in daily living and self care)

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER

       
DAILY LIVING - mobility      
Super bright flash light torch (For safer mobility in poorly a lit environment)

Desirable - PRIM / SEC

Essential - TER

Canes for the visually impaired. Long canes, folding canes. (To aid the mobility of LV persons with constricted visual field)

Desirable - PRIM / SEC

Essential - TER

       
DAILY LIVING - health      
Medicine organizer pill box & pill cutter (To improve the convenience and safety in self administration of medication)

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER

Talking thermometer (To enable the low vision person to monitor health status with ease)

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER

Talking blood pressure monitor (To enable the low vision person to monitor health status with ease)

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER

Talking personal scale (To enable the low vision person to monitor health status with ease)

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER

Safety grab bar for toilet and bathroom (To improve the safety of self care)

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER

       
DAILY LIVING - food preparation and dining      
High contrast or tactile markers for knobs and switches on control panels of cooking stove, oven, microwave oven etc.

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER

Colored food cutting boards for low vision to enhance contrast

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER

Slicing knife with adjustable guide

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER

Jumbo timer for low vision with alarm

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER

Measuring cups with large print

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER

Talking kitchen scale

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER

Colored bowls, plates and table mats for contrast enhancement of food and eating utensils

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER

       
EDUCATIONAL & VOCATIONAL      
       
Calculator with large display and talking calculator

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER

Reading and writing stands with adjustable tilt and height

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER

Writing and signature guides Essential 
Writing paper with pre-printed bold lines

Desirable - PRIM

Essential - SEC /TER

Bold felt tip and marker pens Essential 
       
DIGITAL DEVICES Digital devices and software to enhance information accessibility and exchange      
Desktop CCTV reading and writing aids and portable video magnifiers Essential - TER

     
RECREATIONAL Can participate in more interactive activities to strengthen social networking and skills      
Auditory foam ball, basket ball, soccer ball

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER

Jumbo playing cards

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER

Jumbo chess set and other board games such as Connect 4

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER

Large dice

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER

Jumbo and tactile dominoes

Desirable - SEC

Essential - TER